Choreographer's Block

We tend to think of choreographers as particularly creative people. That may be true, but it does not mean that the ideas and movement flow every minute of the day. Just as writers have writer’s block, dancemakers sometimes get choreographer’s block. Here five choreographers talk openly about those scary moments in the studio when you get stuck and can’t immediately find your way out.


Emily Molnar
Dancer/choreographer, Vancouver

Interviewed by Cynthia Hedstrom

When I get stuck, I try to disrupt the space, to find a different way of looking. I’ll change the music; I’ll put Billie Holiday on for choreography made to romantic music. I’ll ask the dancers to improvise, to turn a different way. I’ll ask myself what is going on, even put the problem down on paper, and walk away. I’ll remove myself from the situation and trust that some time away will give me a solution.


It’s like anything in life: Right when you want something to work, sometimes it doesn’t. It’s knowing the block is there for a reason. You want to let information come to the surface—to remain open and be surprised by things. 


Upcoming project: A duet for firstthingsfirst productions (Kate Holden and Kate Franklin) in Toronto next fall and commissions for the Alberta Ballet and Augsburg Ballet in 2010. This spring I’m also touring a duet that Kevin O’Day choreographed for me and Robert Glumbeck for Pro Arte Danza.


Martha Clarke

Interviewed by Wendy Perron

What do I do when I get stuck? Cry. If I can’t find a way to make something work, I just keep hitting it, like driving the nail deeper and deeper. If after days I can’t find it I often abandon it. And then it may show up in another piece—resolved!


You look forward to some wrestling, but when you watch your company looking at you with lowered eyelids and their arms crossed impatiently, I begin to feel slightly freaked out. I say, “I don’t know what I’m doing. Forgive me. Anybody have anything they would like to contribute?” If it gets too bloody, moving on is better.


Sometimes it doesn’t work because it’s not meant to work. It’s a little bit like boyfriends: If it’s not working it’s just better to give up and move on.


During Vienna: Lusthaus I had a six-week freeze. It was the first piece I did with text and it really terrified me and I was going through a hard time in my life. It feels like it was six weeks, it may have been only three weeks. It felt interminable. The dancers and actors would get irritated and feel that we were on a sinking ship. I was cutting my style of making things then, and so I had no blueprint. Now that I’m older I know that if I’ve fallen into a ditch I’ll pull myself out.


Each work I do I try to challenge myself with a new vocabulary, and that’s hard, and scary, and occasionally exhilarating. A lot of the time I would say 50 percent of the process is wreckage. When I was younger I threw away 80 percent. That’s the only thing I’ve learned with age—just try not to suffer quite as long with it.


Current project: I’m making a piece for Jeanne Ruddy Dance for April in Philadelphia. A lot of my work comes from improvisation and her dancers are quite open to that. The piece is inspired by Diane Arbus. Her photographs are dark and funny and have terrific melancholy. I find them displacing and uncomfortable—which is the place you are as a choreographer.

Keely Garfield
Artistic director/choreographer, Keely Garfield Dance

Interviewed by Siobhan Burke

There’s always a moment when I look at what I’m making and think, “This is utter rubbish. It’s over, it’s not gonna happen.” For my recent trilogy, I was working with the idea of found objects. I found this crazy trash can, some fluorescent lightbulbs, and a great piece of blue carpet. I got into the studio, and as this environment took shape, I set myself the task of staying on the carpet. I spent a bunch of rehearsals on it—a couple weeks. I was really attached to it. I’d been to this side of it and the other side; I’d rolled and jumped around on it. And then everything just stopped. I’d forgotten what on earth was interesting about found objects. I said to my dancers, “This is not working. Let’s just scrap it now.” I sat down in the corner—I think I had a bit of a cry—and then I heard it, like a little voice in my ear: “Get rid of the carpet.”


Getting rid of the carpet—it’s kind of a metaphor for what happens in the creative process, where you get rid of the whole impetus for the piece. You just throw it out the window, or at least move it to the side for a little while. When I rolled up the carpet and moved it away, I saw the space in a different shape. When I reentered, things began to flow again.


I don’t really believe in calling that moment a “block.” Ultimately, I think, it’s the opposite. Even though it can be frightening and paralyzing, it’s a gift, because it’s so full of possibility.


Upcoming project: We’ll be performing my most recent trilogy—Limerence, First Attempt, and Eva Potranspiration/Cloud 9—at Danspace Project, March 26–28, and at Danceworks Studio Theatre in Milwaukee on July 17–18. Limerence is about the desire to get out of yourself and commune with something other, about longing to touch the face of God, whatever that means to you. In First Attempt, I sing a lot of David Bowie songs. And Eva Potranspiration features my daughter, Vivian, as kind of an action hero, a new Christ incarnate who’s out to save the planet.

Pascal Rioult
Artistic director/choreographer, RIOULT

Interviewed by Cynthia Hedstrom

First days in the studio are always terrifying. You’re standing in front of an empty canvas. Everything is possible, but you know there is only one thing that’s right. My tactic is to go to work. Like a craftsman, I refine, discard, and go back. I keep pushing. You have to let it come. As the sculptor Michelangelo said, the sculpture is there, you just have to take away the matter that’s around it. 


I believe creativity comes from a mix of chance and necessity. Sometimes nothing is coming, but if you follow your instinct, even if you’re not sure of what you’re doing, it’s going to make sense at some point. By chance you’re going to see something that will bring out what you weren’t even thinking of. And, as Balanchine said, the best inspiration is a deadline.


Current project: A full-length piece to Mozart’s Mass in C Minor for the Joyce season, April 14–19. The music is glorious. I will take the choreography that way myself: a joyful glorification of human nature.

Gesel Mason
Artistic director, Gesel Mason Performance Projects, Washington, DC

Interviewed by Wendy Perron

Being stuck is when the dance stops speaking to me, when I’ve lost the thread of what I’m trying to say. In order to find out why this is happening, I write, draw, or talk to people. I also like to take a break. Then you can come back with a fresh mind.


I use a lot of flowcharts. You know how the detectives on TV have a corkboard with pictures of the perps? I do something similar to that. I’ll write out note cards and shuffle them around. The dancers sometimes help me figure it out. When I know I’m on the right track, there’s an excitement that I have. If something is not right, it tends to be an emotional thing. When you’re in it, you can lose your objectivity. For me the writing, drawing, and talking to people opens my perspective.


Sometimes I’ll ask my technical director, Cheles Rhynes, What are you seeing? Sometimes I’ll ask random people about the project. Hearing myself talk helps me figure out if I’ve gotten off track.


With choreographer’s block, there’s an emptiness and disappointment. But I almost welcome it because while it’s really frustrating, I know that on the other side of that it gets interesting.


Upcoming project: For my new piece, Women, Sex, and Desire: Sometimes You Feel Like a Ho, Sometimes You Don’t, I’m working on itty-bitty sections at a time. One of the improvisation sections was based on feeling free and open and secure—asking the question, What is sexy? It premieres in spring of 2010 at the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center in Maryland, but I am including one section of it in my concert at the Painted Bride Art Center in Philadelphia April 3–4.

The Conversation
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Let us quickly introduce you to Fortnite Battle Royale: The video game sprung up in September 2017 and has grown to insane levels of popularity. It's free to play and features 100 users duking it out to be the last person standing. But here's the catch: If you want to get ahead, you have to make in-game purchases, trading real money for V-Bucks, which you use to redeem things like weapons.

So what's it got to do with dance? A whole lot. One of Fortnite's most popular—and lucrative—features is its emotes, animated dances that users can purchase to perform on the battlefield. Many are taken directly from pop culture, and Fortnite's developer, Epic Games, is in the midst of a heated lawsuit regarding its Swipe It emote. After much public debate, rapper 2 Milly filed a suit last week claiming that Epic Games stole—and is now largely profiting from—the Milly Rock, a dance move he created and popularized, without his permission. Take a look:

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Rami Malek performing as Freddie Mercury. Still from Bohemian Rhapsody, via

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In a bit of serendipitous timing, while we were on the phone, she got a text from Malek that he had just been nominated for a Golden Globe. And during our chat, it became quite clear that she had obviously been a major part of that—more than we could have ever imagined.

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What's next for the dance world? Our annual list of the dancers, choreographers and companies that are on the verge of skyrocketing has a pretty excellent track record of answering that question.

Here they are: the 25 up-and-coming artists we believe represent the future of our field.

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As research has revealed the benefits of short daytime naps, power-napping advice has proliferated, and more dancers are choos­ing to include a nap in their pre-performance routines. Approaching napping strategically will help you get the most out of an afternoon snooze.

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What Wendy's Watching
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Dance Training
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Not being able to attend the in-person audition at your top college can feel like the end of the world. But while it's true that going to the live audition is ideal, you can still make the best out of sending a video. Here are some of the perks:

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