Jawole Willa Jo Zollar On The Hardest Part Of Sustaining a Dance Company in 2018
While some companies thrive on uniformity of style and attack, the dancers of Jawole Willa Jo Zollar's Urban Bush Women find strength in the very opposite: Her movement is human, with an aesthetic that makes the choreography appear to be improvised. That's been a foundation of Zollar's work since she started UBW in 1984.
Three Bessie Awards and two Doris Duke Awards later, Zollar has also created work for companies like Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater and Philadanco. Given her desire for all her dancers to share their voices, it's no surprise that many former UBW members have gone on to make accomplished work of their own.
Here, she opens up about her creative process, and the hardest parts of sustaining a dance company.
"There's intentionality around looking like we just made it all up. There's a rigor to making it appear formless, like it's unfolding spontaneously. If I'm successful, people will ask, 'Is that all improvised?' "
"Usually, a new work takes one to three years of research. I put it all in a project-specific file on the computer. Then I'll storyboard with index cards to see what shape starts to reveal itself."
"The company went through a near-death experience from 1999 to 2001. We discovered a massive amount of debt. I don't think I made good work during that period; my creative focus wasn't there. But I learned that I needed to keep a better eye on things—checking the books and giving the admin people more support."
"I look for dancers with a point of view that they're willing to share. And because I come from a theater background, dancers have to do their homework. For Walking with 'Trane they had to research the life of John Coltrane and listen to a lot of music."
"I have a three-idea rule: Whenever I see other performances, I have to come out with three ideas—maybe it's costumes, lighting, staging. Don't dismiss anything. If it was a waste of your time, you didn't enter with the right mind-set."
"Space is the hardest part about being an artist today. There are times when we're in a different space every day and that's hard on the creative process. Apply for those residencies—they've become modern dance gold."
"I placed the company on hiatus a few years back because I felt like we were on a treadmill; the business outweighed the art. I decided to stop carrying outside rep. I discovered I'm interested in creation, not maintenance."
"I would tell early-stage choreographers to develop and articulate your company's core values. That was a turning point for us. I thought, If I'm going to fight for this organization, I need to know we're all working toward the same thing."
Yvonne Rainer's Parts of Some Sextets (AKA "the mattress dance") hasn't been revived since it premiered in 1965. Nor has Rainer had any wish to do it again, to ask performers to heave 10 mattresses around while carrying out 31 tasks that changed every 30 seconds. It was an unwieldy, difficult dance. (Even the title is unwieldy.) But Emily Coates, who has danced in Rainer's work for 20 years, became curious about this piece and was determined to see it again—and to dance in it. She will get her wish November 15–17, when the mattress dance will be performed as part of the Performa 19 Biennial.
Back in 2011 when Joe Lanteri first approached Katie Langan, chair of Marymount Manhattan College's dance department, about getting involved with New York City Dance Alliance, she was skeptical about the convention/competition world.
"But I was pleasantly surprised by the enormity of talent that was there," she says. "His goal was to start scholarship opportunities, and I said okay, I'm in."
Today, it's fair to say that Lanteri has far surpassed his goal of creating scholarship opportunities. But NYCDA has done so much more, bridging the gap between the convention world and the professional world by forging a wealth of partnerships with dance institutions from Marymount to The Ailey School to Complexions Contemporary Ballet and many more. There's a reason these companies and schools—some of whom otherwise may not see themselves as aligned with the convention/competition world—keep deepening their relationships with NYCDA.
Now, college scholarships are just one of many ways NYCDA has gone beyond the typical weekend-long convention experience and created life-changing opportunities for students. We rounded up some of the most notable ones:
"The show must go on" may be a platitude we use to get through everything from costume malfunctions to stormy moods. But when it came to overcoming a literal hurricane, Houston Ballet was buoyed by this mantra to go from devastated to dancing in a matter of weeks—with the help of Harlequin Floors, Houston Ballet's longstanding partner who sprang into action to build new floors in record time.